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Anti-Taliban Uprising under Attack

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When the so-called anti-Taliban uprising began in Andar district of Ghazni province last year, the Afghan and US officials hoped the movement would turn into an extensive revolt against the militant groups. But gradually the movement falls on a hard time as they feel vulnerable against the Taliban attacks and its infiltrators. According to the reports, thirteen members of anti-Taliban uprising movement in Andar District of Ghazni province were killed in an attack by Taliban militants on Friday. Ghazni officials told news agencies that anti-Taliban fighters were killed when they were asleep, coming under an attack by insurgents at a checkpoint in the district.

Last year, the anti-Taliban rebellion in Andar of Ghazni province took Afghan government and the US by surprise. At the beginning, US military commanders in Afghanistan billed the as a ‘game-changer’ in the ongoing conflict in Afghanistan. What built on the hopes was when the uprising echoed in other provinces of the country, signaling growing revolts against the Taliban. Initially, the Afghan government was confused of how to deal with the events, which emerged as a result of complex and different factors playing on the ground. Later on, the Afghan National Directorate for Security managed to supervise the revolts against the Taliban.

In contrast to the expectations, the uprising, though spread in many provinces, did not turn to a grass-root rebellion against the Taliban. Though the spread of the revolts in many provinces raised the hopes for an extensive uprising against the Taliban all over Afghanistan, the uprising did not turn to a game-changer in the ongoing war in the country. There are many reasons behind this failure. First, perhaps the expectations were wishfully high and unrealistic. The movements had a little influence among the people in southern and southeastern provinces, while the Taliban has built an extensive and horrifying control and influence among the people, primarily due to their hard-line religious views and long-lasting dominance in some parts of the country.

Second, the Taliban impose their control and authority among the villagers through fear and rigidity. Many members and commanders of the anti-Taliban uprising were killed by Taliban fighters and infiltrators or moved to safe areas for living in big cities, leaving the movement more vulnerable against the Taliban. Struggling to fight the Taliban, the movements find it difficult to cope with incessant attacks from the insurgents with seeking help from the government forces and intelligence agencies of Afghanistan and the United States.

No doubt, the movement caught attentions of the international community and Afghan government and had some achievements in its objective to expel the insurgents from their areas and reopen schools, clinics and public services. The anti-Taliban movements have played its role in weakening the insurgents in different provinces, forcing the local militants out their areas of influence. But visibly, the uprising is clearly vulnerable against the Taliban attacks and infiltrators, as it has failed in turning into a forceful movement across the country. Considering vulnerability of the movements, the government of Afghanistan should choose between one of these two options: Fully support them by distribution of weapons or including them to the Local Police; or allow them to operate as a homegrown grass-root rebellion with no visible ties with government security agencies.


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